||consideration, reflection, deliberation, investigation. vichAra mArga is translated as "Direct Path".
||bodiless, incorporeal, dead; videha mukti is deliverance by release from the body (death).
||formula, injunction, rule, precept, law; any prescribed act, rite or ceremony; mode of conduct or behavior.
||knowledge, science, learning, philosophy (as opposed to j~nAna, which rather refers to direct self-knowledge. Atma j~nAna). Atma-vidyA or brahma-vidyA is the objective knowledge of the Self taught by the scriptures and guru.
||author of the Panchadashi.
||literally belonging to another caste or tribe; dissimilar or heterogeneous.
||discerning, understanding, comprehending; "right apprehension" in the case of nididhyAsana as opposed to dhyAna. vij~nAna vAda is the philosophical theory of Idealism.
||the intellectual sheath (one of the five "coverings" that surround our true essence).
||doubt, uncertainty or indecision.
||transformation, modification, change of form or nature. Also vikAratva - the state of change; and vikAravat - undergoing changes.
||prohibited, unlawful - actions that must be avoided.
||the "projecting" power of mAyA. In the rope-snake metaphor, this superimposes the image of the snake upon the rope. See avarana, maya.
||different from; not admitting of exact definition.
||reversed, inverted, perverse, wrong; contrary; false, untrue. viparIta lakShaNa is using a word in the opposite sense, i.e sarcasm.
||imagining what is unreal or false to be real or true; error backed by ignorance; self-ignorance plus self-delusion.
||error, misapprehension, mixing up the nature of one thing with another or mistaking something to be the opposite of what it actually is (literally reversed, inverted).
|viraj or virat
||virAj or virAT
||gross, macrocosmic equivalent of vishva (vaishvAnara) at the level of creation.
||In Sanskrit, the diagonal mark underneath a consonant to indicate that it is not to be sounded with a vowel after it. The literal meaning is "cessation, termination or end." (All consonants are sounded with 'a' by default, unless indicated otherwise.) A consonant with such a mark is called a halanta consonant. (The term also refers to the single vertical mark to indicate the end of a sentence or single line of a verse of poetry.)
||opposition hostility; a (logical) contradiction or inconsistency.
||this literally means "sending out" or "emission." In Sanskrit, it is represented as aH but is not actually a letter and does not occur on its own. Its effect is to add a brief, breathing out sound after the vowel sound associated with a consonant; represented by two dots placed to the right of the associated letter.
||object of sensory perception; any subject or topic; the subject of an argument. (not to be confused with vishaya, with a palatal 'sh', meaning 'doubt or uncertainty). Adjective - viShayika.
|vishesha (noun);visheshana (adj)
||literally "distinction" or "difference between"; particular or specific. The Vaisheshika philosophy believes that the material universe is made up of nine substances, each of which is "essentially different" from any other. See Vaisheshika.adjective - distinguishing, specifying, qualifiying.
||(noun) that which is to be distinguished (from something else).
||distinguished, particular, excellent (as in yoga vashiShTa).
||qualified non-dualism; belief that God and the Atman are distinct but not separate. Ramanuja is the scholar most often associated with this philosophy. See advaita, dvaita.
||the "waker ego" in the waking state of consciousness, jagrat. Also sometimes referred to as vaishvAnara. See also taijasa, prajna.
||cavil, fallacious controversy, perverse or frivolous argument, criticism; argument purely for the sake of winning the point (three types of disputation: jalpa, vitaNDa, vAda).
||literally "explanation" or "interpretation"; name of one of the two schools of Advaita. The other school is the vAcaspati or bhAmati school.
||an apparent or illusory form; unreality caused by avidyA.