||the theory that the world is only an apparent projection of Ishvara (i.e. an illusion).
||discrimination; the function of buddhi, having the ability to differentiate between the unreal and the real. See sadhana, chatushtaya sampatti.
||the title of a book attributed to Shankara. chUDAmaNi is the name given to the jewel worn on top of the head. An English version of the book is called "The Crest Jewel of Discrimination."
||in the context of Vedanta, this means a mental disposition. In general, it can mean a mode of conduct or behaviour, character or disposition, business or profession etc. See aham vritti and idam vritti.
||(v) to explain in detail; (n) explanation, gloss, comment.
||name given to the successors of Shankara, who commented on his interpretations and (often) gave other interpretations.
||manifested, apparent, visible, perceptible to the senses as opposed to avyakta - transcendental.
||visible appearance or manifestation; specific appearance, distinctness; an individual (as opposed to jAti, the genus).
||one of the five "vital airs," concerned with the circulatory system. More generally, alludes to the discriminatory faculties, evaluating and judging etc.
||Sanskrit term for a consonant, meaning a "decoration" (of the basic vowel sound).
||inseparable presence of one thing in another, invariable concomitance (as in e.g. no smoke without fire).
||the individual or "individuality" as opposed to the totality, samaShTi.
||distinction, difference, separateness, separation, exclusion; a separate or particular existence. Logical discontinuance (in 'anvaya vyatireka').
||separate, different or distinct from.
|vyavahara (noun)vyavaharika (adj.)
||the relative, practical, or phenomenal world of appearances; the normal world in which we live and which we usually believe to be real; as opposed to pAramArthika (reality) and prAtibhAsika (illusory). See paramarthika and pratibhasika.
||worship, devotion, sacrifice, offering.
||restraint. Literally, rein or bridle. There are five of these forming the first step of Raja yoga - ahiMsA, satyam, brahmacharya, asteya and aparigraha.
||wherever (yatra on its own means 'where, wherein, to which place, whither').
||literally "joining" or "attaching" (our word "yoke" derives from this). It is used generally to refer to any system whose aim is to "join" our "individual self" back to the "universal Self." The Yoga system pedantically refers to that specified by Patanjali. See bhakti, jnana, karma.
||one of the four ages in the cycle of creation. See kalpa, kali yuga.
||instantaneous creation, i.e. simultaneous with the perception of it. yugapad means "together, at the same time."
||reasoning, argument, induction, deduction (as opposed to intuition - anubhava).
||united, combined, joined; connected with, concerning, associated with.