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समाधानं किम्? चित्तैकाग्रता
What is samadhana? It is the single wontedness of the mind. It is the focusing capacity of mind.
Samadhana is the concentration of mind. Samadhana is the state of mind when one focuses on his goal. For this to happen, one channelizes the desultory mind towards his goal (शमः), controls the senses (दमः) withdraws from wild worldly pursuits (उपरमः), endures the pinpricks of life (तितीक्षा) and faithfully fallows the path indicated by the Guru and scriptures (श्रद्धा).
All the three qualifications of discrimination, dispassion, and the great six disciplines are prerequisites for Samadhana. It is an automatic outcome of these qualifications. Swami Tejomayananda compares our journey to liberation to a journey to say Mumbai. We approach a travel agent (Guru), make enquires as to the best mode of transport (sadhana), book our ticket and board the vehicle on time to reach the destination. We control the expenses (sense organs and mind), so as to afford the ticket, cancel other programmes that clash with the journey (focus our energies-chittaikagrata), have faith in the travel agent and the vehicle (Shraddha), and endure all the travails of the travel (Titiksha) in order to reach the destination (Moksha).
मुमुक्षुत्वम् किम् ? मोक्षो मे भूयात् इति इछ्छा
एतत् साधनचतुष्टयम् । ततस्तत्वविवेकाधिकारिणो भवन्ति ।।
This is the four-fold qualification. Thereafter the sadhaka becomes fit for enquiry into the truth.
एतत् साधनचतुष्टयम् - this is the four-fold qualification.
Let us have a quick recap as to what the author has said about desired four-fold qualifications to become eligible for the knowledge of the self. The first paragraph of Tatvabodha started with the question what are the four disciplines of Sadhana साधनचतुष्टयम् किम्? Then the author set out to explain the four disciplines as:
The above four-fold Sadhanas make साधनचतुष्टयम्. We have so far discussed the subject of Sadhana chatushtaya Sampatti which has two parts:
1. Discrimination, dispassion and desire (विवेक, विराग, मुमुक्षुत्वम्). Acquired by Karma yoga
2. Shamadi Sampatti (शमादि सम्पत्ति) is acquired by Upasana Yoga.
The two disciplines of karma yoga and Upasana yoga together gives us a qualification or Adhikara (ज्ञानयोग्यता प्राप्ति). The mind of the seeker becomes clear, with a firm goal and clear picture of the road ahead. He obtains knowledge (तत्वज्ञान) which is the stepping stone of God realization. ततः तत्वविवेकस्य अधिकारिणः भवन्ति – Then the seeker becomes eligible to receive the knowledge of the self.
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